Build Your Own Emergency Spot Removal Kit

Items you will need for your emergency kit are listed below. *Always be sure and follow the pretest procedures before applying any solution to a spot or stain. We will assume no liability

ALCOHOL ¬ Use neutral spirits grain alcohol or clear (uncolored) rubbing alcohol. Methanol, ethanol, and isopropanol are appropriate alcohols to use.
AMMONIA SOLUTION ¬ Mix one tablespoon of clear household ammonia with one-half cup of water.
BLEACH ¬ Use hydrogen peroxide or sodium perborate, present in Snowy or Clorox II. Do not use chlorine bleach.
DETERGENT SOLUTION ¬ Mix one teaspoonful of a colorless, mild detergent or dishwashing liquid in a cup of warm water.
DRY-CLEANING SOLVENT ¬ Volatile dry spotter or a commercial spotter such as Carbona, Energine, K2R. Use in small amounts - can be harmful to sizing, backing or stuffing materials.
ENZYME DETERGENT ¬ Mix a solution of enzyme detergent following the directions on the label. Do not soak or over wet. Allow the solution to remain on the stain for a length of time before removing.
POG ¬  Paint, oil and grease remover or WD-40
VINEGAR SOLUTION ¬ Mix half cup of white household vinegar with half cup of water.
SODA CLUB -- Use full strength out of a new unopened bottle.
RUST REMOVER -- Whinks rust remover, found at grocery stores.















Beer
STAIN: Colorless to light yellow, slightly stiff
CONTAINS: Hops, malts, alcohol, albumins, tannin
1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply vinegar solution, blot frequently.
3. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Blood
STAIN: Reddish when fresh, dries to dark brown with irregular edge
CONTAINS: Albumin, fat, fibrin, iron
1. Apply cool detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply cool ammonia solution, blot.
3. Apply enzyme detergent, blot
4. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
5. If stain remains, apply rust remover or oxalic acid solution.
6. Bleaching with 3-5% hydrogen peroxide may be necessary.

Butter & Margarine
STAIN: Greasy, yellowish-red, sometimes built-up
CONTAINS: Vegetable dye, corn oil, milk, salt, preservatives, fat
1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
2. Apply detergent solution, blot until dry.
3. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
4. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Candle Wax
STAIN: Stiff and built-up
CONTAINS: Petroleum, animal fats and oils, vegetable fats and oils, basic dyes
1. Try freezing the wax with an ice cube, then breaking and removing the frozen pieces.
2. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
3. Apply POG, blot.
4. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.

Catsup and Tomato Sauce
STAIN: Reddish-brown, absorbed and built-up
CONTAINS: Tomatoes, salt, sugar, spices, tannin, vinegar, onion
1. Apply cool detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
4. If stain remains, bleach with sodium perborate.
5. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.

Chewing Gum
STAIN: rubbery, sticky, built-up
CONTAINS: flavoring, sugar
1. Harden gum with an ice cube until it is brittle enough to scrape off with dull knife or spatula.
2. Apply dry-cleaning solvent to remove remaining traces.
You may use a commercial chewing gum remover or WD-40

Chocolate
STAIN: Brown with irregular edge, absorbed or built up
CONTAINS: Oil, grease, cocoa, butter, coloring, sugar, milk
1. Scrape off as much as possible with spatula or dull knife.
2. Apply cool detergent solution, blot.
3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
4. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
5. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
6. Rinse thoroughly with water and blot until dry.

Coffee
STAIN: Brown with irregular edge, darkening with heat and age
CONTAINS: Tannins, sugar, fatty acids, alcohol, oils, milk, cream
1. Apply detergent solution, blot. (Use enzyme detergent if cream was present.)
2. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
3. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
4. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Cough Syrup
STAIN: Usually absorbed with an irregular edge, sticky when wet, stiff when dry.
CONTAINS: Honey, sugar, syrup, menthol, alcohol, flavoring, coloring matter
1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Apply club coda, blot.
4. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
5. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.

Crayons
STAIN: Built-up, sometimes shiny
CONTAINS: Wax, grease, pigment, coloring matter
1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
2. Apply POG, blot.
3. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
4. Apply detergent solution, blot.                                                                                                     5. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                         
Egg (Raw)
STAIN: White and/or yellow, built-up, coagulates with heat
CONTAINS: Albumin, oils, fats, coloring matter
1. Blot up as much as possible, as quickly as possible.
2. Apply detergent solution, blot.
3. Apply cold ammonia solution, blot.
4. If stain remains, apply enzyme detergent and keep moist.
5. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Food Coloring
STAIN: Absorbed, irregular edge
CONTAINS: Coloring matter, propylene glycol
1. Apply detergent solution, blotting frequently. A dried stain will probably spread when wet.
2. Repeat step 1 until color is no longer transferred to the towel.
3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
4. Rinse thoroughly with club soda and blot until dry.

Fruit Juice
STAIN: Light yellow or characteristic color of fruit, absorbed and splotchy with irregular edge
CONTAINS: Tannin, acids, pulp, sugar, coloring matter
1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Apply club soda, blot.
4. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
5. If stain remains, apply enzyme detergent, blot.
6. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Furniture Stain
STAIN: Brownish or reddish, absorbed, with irregular edge
CONTAINS: Petroleum distillate, coloring matter
1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
2. Apply POG, blot.
3. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
4. Apply detergent solution, blot.
5. Rinse with water and blot until dry.

Glue (School)
STAIN: Stiff and shiny, usually built-up
CONTAINS: Starches, gelatins, albumins
1. Apply water, blot.
2. Apply detergent solution, blot.
3. If stain remains, heat the detergent solution slightly and repeat step 2.
4. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
                                                                                                                      
Grass
STAIN: Green and/or brown smudges
CONTAINS: Tannin, acids, oils, chlorophyll
1. Apply amyl acetate, if available, to remove chlorophyll, blot.
2. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
3. Rinse with water, blot.
4. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
5. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
6. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Gravy
STAIN: Brownish, absorbed and built-up
CONTAINS: Meat extracts, starch, proteins, milk, flour, seasonings
1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
4. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
5. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Greases
STAIN: Grayish or brownish, absorbed or built-up
CONTAINS: Oils, sometimes soils
1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
2. Apply POG sparingly, and blot.
3. Alternate steps 1 and 2.
4. If stain remains, apply detergent solution, blot.
5. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
6. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
7. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Ice Cream
STAIN: Absorbed and built-up, stiff when dry
CONTAINS: Cream, milk, egg, sugar, fruits, extracts, coloring matter
1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
4. Apply enzyme detergent, keep moist, and blot.
5. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry
6. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.

Ink (Ball Point)
STAIN: Can be any color, usually blue or black, absorbed
CONTAINS: Basic or soluble aniline dyes, insoluble organic solvents, oils, resins, gums, binding agents such as shellac, varnish or petroleum
1. Apply alcohol and blot, or use wet/dry vacuum.
2. Repeat as needed.
3. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
4. Apply amyl acetate, if available, or acetone.
5. If stain remains use Murphy’s oil soap.

Jam and Jelly
STAIN: Reddish or bluish, absorbed and built up
CONTAINS: Pulp of fruit, sugar, tannin, preservatives
1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply club soda, blot.
3. Rinse with water, blot.
4. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
5. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Lipstick
STAIN: Red, pink, orange, soft and greasy
CONTAINS: Pigment or dye in fats, waxes and oils
1. Scrape off excess with spatula or dull knife.
2. Apply POG, blot, making sure not to reapply stain onto fabric.
3. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
4. Apply detergent, blot.
5. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
6. Rinse with water, blot until dry. .


Mildew
1. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot.
4. Apply solution of oxidizing bleach (chlorine or perborate).
5. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
Do not use chlorine bleach on wool or silk.
Caution: Some color loss may occur from the bleach.

Milk
STAIN: Usually white, sometimes lighter in the center with heavier buildup around the edges.
CONTAINS: Fats, albumins, water
1. Apply cool detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
4. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
5. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
6. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
7. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.

Mud
STAIN: Grayish, brownish, or yellowish, absorbed and built-up.
CONTAINS: Soil with greases and oils, clay, iron
1. Brush or vacuum off as much as possible.
2. Apply detergent solution, blot.
3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
4. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.

Mustard
STAIN: Grayish, brownish, or yellowish, absorbed and built-up.
CONTAINS: Soil with greases and oils, clay, iron
1. Brush or scrape off as much as possible.
2. Apply detergent solution, blot.
3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
4. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
5. If stain remains, apply POG and dry-cleaning solvent alternately, blot until dry.

Nail Polish
STAIN: Usually pink or red, stiff, shiny and built-up.
CONTAINS: Red dye or pigment in a liquid cellulose acetate base, solvent, plasticizer.
1. Apply amyl acetate, if available, or nail polish remover. PRETEST FIRST. Repeat as needed, with blotting.
2. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
3. Apply POG, blot; apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
4. If stain remains, apply detergent solution, blot until dry.
5. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
6. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
7. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Oil
STAIN: Circular, elongated or cross-shaped, darkening with age
CONTAINS: Petroleum distillate or vegetable oil, polyglycerides, methyl silicate, preservatives
1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
2. Apply POG sparingly, blot.
3. Alternate dry-cleaning solvent and POG, blotting frequently.
4. Apply detergent solution, blot.
5. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
6. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
7. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Paint (oil)
STAIN: Usually built-up and stiff
CONTAINS: Pigments, drying oils, resins, gums, volatile solvents
* Check label on paint for specific thinner or solvent 
1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
2. Apply POG, blot; apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
3. Repeat step 2 until as much paint as possible is removed.
4. Weight down the stain with towels dampened with dry-cleaning solvent for several hours to loosen, blot with solvent.
5. Apply several drops of detergent solution and work into the stain, blot.
6. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
7. Alternate steps 2 and 5 until stain is removed.
8. Rinse thoroughly with warm water, blot until dry.

Paint (water)
STAIN: Absorbed or built-up, stiff when dry
CONTAINS: Water, latex, pigments, emulsifiers, preservatives
1. Apply detergent solution, blot. Repeat as needed.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Rinse with water, blot until dry
4. Apply POG on aged, hardened paint, blot.
5. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot. Repeat as needed.

Rubber Cement
STAIN: White or clear, built-up, possibly sticky or shiny
CONTAINS: Rubber (synthetic or natural), resin, solvent
1. Roll the glue off if it has hardened sufficiently.
2. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
3. Apply POG sparingly, blot.
4. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
5. Apply detergent solution, blot.
6. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Rust
STAIN: Reddish-brown, absorbed or built-up
CONTAINS: Oxides of Iron
1. Apply rust remover (whinks Rust remover)                                                                                 2. Allow to stand for 10-15 minutes.
3. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.

Shoe Polish
STAIN: Usually black or brown, absorbed or built-up
CONTAINS: Waxes, resins, solvents, dyes, shellac, alcohol, tannin
1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
2. Apply POG sparingly, blot.
3. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
4. Apply detergent solution, blot.
5. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
6. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
Some dark staining may still remain.

Soft Drinks
STAIN: Colorless, yellowish, reddish, or brownish, darkening with age
CONTAINS: Tannin, sugar, vegetable coloring, flavoring, fruit extracts
1. Apply cold detergent solution, blot
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Apply vinegar solution for cola and club soda for grape orange and other colored soda.
4. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Soot
STAIN: Black spots or smudges
CONTAINS: Carbon, sulfur compounds, sometimes grease
1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
2. Apply detergent solution, blot.
3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
4. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.

Tar & Asphalt
STAIN: Black, shiny, built-up or absorbed, distinctive odor
CONTAINS: Coal tar or petroleum, sulfur compounds, moncaptans
1. Scrape off as much as possible with spatula or dull knife.
2. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
3. Apply POG sparingly, blot; apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
4. Apply detergent solution, blot.
5. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
                                                            
Toothpaste
STAIN: Whitish, greenish, or bluish (other colors possible), absorbed and built-up
CONTAINS: Soap, bleaching compound, flavoring, fluoride compound, coloring
1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
4. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.

Urine
STAIN: Yellowish or brownish, darkening with age; absorbed
CONTAINS: Urea, uric acid, ammonia, organic acids, pigments, cholesterol, albumins, proteases
1. Blot up as much as possible if still wet.
2. Apply detergent solution, blot.
3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
4. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
5. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
6. If stain remains, apply rust remover.

Vomit
STAIN: Various colors, absorbed and built-up
CONTAINS: Food, mucus, albumins, acids
1. Blot up as much as possible.
2. Apply enzyme detergent, keep moist, blot.
3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
4. Apply club soda, blot.
5. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.

Wine
STAIN: Reddish, purplish or yellowish, absorbed
CONTAINS: Alcohol, sugar, tannin, coloring matter
1. Blot up as much as possible. Repeat as needed.
2. Apply cool detergent solution, blot.
3. Apply club soda, blot.
4. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
5. If necessary, bleach with sodium  perborate.
6. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.

Note:  Stain removal can be a tricky business. Before using any chemicals on your carpet you should try them out on an inconspicuous area to begin with. This ensures that if there is any discoloration you will know about it before you attempt to fix a stain and make a much worse problem.

Once that is taken care of, its time to get down to the stain. Using an absorbent cloth or towel, blot up the excess of the stain. Blotting is imperative as scrubbing will more than likely spread the stain around. Apply a small amount of cleaning solution to the stain making sure not to over wet the carpet. Different stains generally have different chemical make-ups and as such require different cleaning products to clean them. Make sure that you are using the appropriate cleaning product for the type of stain that you have. Allow to sit for 10-20 seconds and then blot with a clean cloth. Some stubborn stains may take multiple applications and some stains may require our expertise.